BATTLES AND LOSSES

(Source: "Facts about the Civil War," The Civil War Centennial Commission, 1959)



Some authorities accredit the 26th North Carolina Regiment with having incurred the greatest loss in a single battle recorded in the Civil War. At the Battle of Gettysburg, it lost 708 of its men, or approximately 85 percent of its total strength. In one company of 84 men, every man and officer was hit. The orderly sergeant who made out the report had a bullet wound through both legs.


The 1st Maine Heavy Artillery in the assault on Petersburg, June 1864, lost 604 men killed and wounded in less than 20 minutes. This organization did not see action until 1864. In less than one year it lost in killed and wounded 1283 men out of 2202.


During the Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River), the Union artillery fired 20,307 rounds and the infantry exhausted over 2,000,000 rounds. The total weight of the projectiles fired was in excess of 375,000 pounds.


At the Battle of First Bull Run or Manassas, between 8,000 and 10,000 bullets were fired for every man killed or wounded.


At the Battle of Shiloh in 1862, there were 23,700 Union and Confederate casualties.


During the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, "Stonewall" Jackson marched his force of 16,000 men over 600 miles in 39 days, fighting five major battles and defeating four separate armies totaling 63,000 men.


In the Vicksburg campaign in 1863, Grant won five battles within a period of 18 days, captured 40 field guns, and inflicted casualties of approximately 5200 on the enemy. He captured 31,600 prisoners, 172 cannon and 6000 small arms when Vicksburg fell-the greatest military haul ever made in the Western hemisphere.


At Fredericksburg in 1862, the Confederate trenches stretched for a distance of seven miles. The troop density was ll,000 per mile, or six men to the yard.


The greatest cavalry battle ever fought in the Western hemisphere was at Brandy Station, Virginia, on June 9, 1863. Nearly 20,000 cavalrymen were engaged on a relatively confined terrain for more than 12 hours.


The Confederate cruiser Shenandoah sailed completely around the world, raiding Union whalers and commerce vessels. The ship and its crew surrendered to English authorities in Liverpool more than 6 months after Lee's surrender at Appomattox.


The U.S.S. Kearsarge sank the C.S.S. Alabama off the coast of Cherbourg, France, in a fierce engagement. Frenchmen gathered along the beach to witness the engagement, and Renoir painted the scene which now hangs in a Philadelphia art gallery.


General Grant's losses from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor in 1864, a period of 29 days, totaled 54,900.


Approximately 6000 battles, skirmishes, and engagements were fought during the Civil War.


There were over 2000 lads 14 years old or younger in the Union ranks. Three hundred were 13 years or less, while there were 200,000 no older than 16 years.


The C.S.S. Alabama in 11 months captured 69 Northern prizes valued at $6,500,000.


Besides their captures, Confederate cruisers drove great numbers of U.S. ships under foreign flags for protection, precipitating the decline of the U.S. Merchant Marine.


During the Civil War, one small section of Virginia became America's bloodiest battle ground. In an area of barely 20 square miles and including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, The Wilderness, Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor, more than half a million men fought in deadly combat. Here, more men were killed and wounded during the Civil War than were killed and wounded in the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the War with Mexico and all of the Indian wars combined. No fewer than 19 generals-10 Union and 9 Confederate-met death here.


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