Part Two of Day Two of the Battle of Chickamauga

.......Woods on Lytle Hill near where 19th passed

Deas with assistance from Patton Anderson's Brigade, who had been ordered by Hindman to take a position between Deas and Manigault, assaulted Lytle Hill and drove the Federals from their lines. In the process, Federal Brigadier General William Lytle was mortally wounded and fell near the spot of this picture. The hill upon which Lytle fell now bears his name.

.......Area of the Bloody Pond (about 12 p.m.)

Now only a low area, during the battle this was a small pond where men drank water that was contaminated with the bodies and blood of fallen men and horses. This marks the western most advance of the 19th. Beyond the trees in the background of this picture are the hills of Missionary Ridge. These hills forced the fleeing Federals to move to the north and the left wing of the Federal army. Deas' Brigade begin a northward movement from this area as the Confederates began to drive the Federals northward toward Chattanooga and Snodgrass Hill.

.......Snodgrass Cabin on Horseshoe Ridge

Around this cabin, Major General George Thomas became known as the "Rock of Chickamauga" for his bulldog determination not to be driven by Longstreet's Confederates from what was then called Horseshoe Ridge.

.......Defile on the southwest part of Horseshoe Ridge

After resting and resupplying, Deas' Brigade was ordered to attack the southwestern part of Horseshoe Ridge. The ridge was already under attack from other Confederate units and in fact was now becoming the focal point of the battle.

.......Southwest part of Horseshoe Ridge (late afternoon)

As Deas' Brigade assaulted the ridge it became entwined with Manigault's Brigade. "The different regiments became mixed with each other, and here and there the faint-hearted were stealing to safer positions in the rear. Men fought from behind trees and coverts [sic] loading and firing while they dodged from point to point...In short, the character of the battle at this juncture was that of skirmishing on a grand scale." (Cozzens) The left wing of the Confederate assault on Horseshoe Ridge was going nowhere fast. The brigades of Deas and Manigault were worn down by the earlier fighting with the brigades of Lytle, Laiboldt, and Wilder. Three times Deas' Brigade charged up the slopes of Horseshoe Ridge only to be thrown down again. Holding this portion of Horseshoe Ridge was Mitchell's Brigade (98th Ohio, 113th Ohio, 121st Ohio, and 78th Illinois) of Steedman's division of the Granger's Reserve Corp. After the final charge, Deas' and Manigault's brigades were effectively out of the fight for the remainder of the battle. One regiment in Deas' Brigade, the 22nd Alabama, had suffered 250 casualties out of the 371 men who opened the attack just before noon that day. Deas' Brigade and the 19th Alabama had dislodged two Federal brigades, taken hundreds of prisoners and moved over three miles into the rear of the Federal line. It was no wonder that by early evening of that day, they were exhausted.

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