Day Two: Sunday, September 20, 1863


.......The point at which Brig. General Zachariah Deas' Brigade crossed the LaFayette Road during the Confederate breakthrough.

At approximately 11:30 A.M.. six Confederate divisions (23,000 men) moved through a gap created by General Rosecrans when he was given false information by a member of his staff. The alignment of brigades in Hindmans's command was (from south to north) Manigault, Deas, and Anderson in reserve. On Deas' right was General Bushrod Johnson's division of Longstreet's corp. Within Deas' Brigade, the 19th Alabama was on the right flank (the northern most unit).

.......The Brotherton House.

Center of the Confederate breakthrough and approximately 200 yards north of the point of attack for Deas' Brigade.

.......The Federal view of Deas' Brigade crossing of the La Fayette Road.

Facing Deas' forces was the 2nd Brigade (XX Corp) under the command of Brig. General William Carlin. In Carlin's command consisted of the 22nd Indiana, 38th Illinois, 81st Indiana, and 101st Ohio. As described in Peter Cozzens's "This Terrible Sound", "Carlin's own skirmishers knew nothing of the Rebel approach until Deas' main line was on top of them. The Yankees bolted, the Confederates charged, and it was a race for the breastworks (Federal) among Carlin, his skirmishers, and the Alabamians. " After a short sharp fight, the Federals of this brigade not dead or wounded either took to the rear or surrendered.

.......Rosecrans HQ (Deas' Brigade attacked to the right of this picture)

From this position, General Rosecrans may have seen the 19th Alabama come out of the woods between the Brotherton field and the Tan Yard (right part of the picture). Once the Confederates entered the Tan Yard and Dyer Field, Rosecrans abandoned this position.

.......The Tan Yard Field (11:45 a.m.)

The 19th took "friendly fire" while advancing across the Tan Yard toward what was to become know as Lytle Hill from the 15th Alabama (Sheffield's Brigade of Hood's Division). The 15th became disoriented as it exited the woods west of the Brotherton Field during the initial assault. As they entered the Tan Yard they came under Federal fire. Through the smoke they saw a body of troops and opened fire. These troops were the 19th Alabama. Upon being fired upon from the rear, Colonel Samuel McSpadden, 19th's commander, waved the 19th's colors in an attempt to show the 15th who they were firing upon. His efforts proved successful and the 15th moved to the right of the 19th for the assault upon Lytle Hill. Lytle Hill is seen in the background of this picture.

.......Federal View of 19th's Attack across Tan Yard Field

This is the point where 36th and 88th Illinois (Lytle's Brigade of Sheridan's Division of the XX Corp (McCook)) held the Federal lines along Lytle Hill. A soldier in the 36th Illinois wrote "the ground was covered with dry grass and old logs which the bursting shells had set on fire. A thick cloud of smoke had risen about as high as our heads and seemed hanging like a funeral pall in the air. Under this we could see, away down the slope (view from this position) of the hill and across the little valley just as far as the eye could reach, moving masses of men hurrying toward us. In our front, not more than seventy or seventy-five yards distant, the enemy's front line lay secreted."(Cozzens) The woods separating the Brotherton Field and the Tan Yard are in the background of this picture.

Go to part two of Day Two of the battle.

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